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Graston Technique for Soft Tissue Injuries

With so many patients’ back injuries and pain stemming from soft tissue injuries, it is important for physical therapists to be aware of all the various types of treatments that have been developed to aid pain relief, mobility, and rehabilitation.

One that you could put on your radar, that was actually originally developed by athletes, is Graston Technique (GT). This patented, interdisciplinary treatment is said to be used by more than 15,000 clinicians across the globe, as well as hundreds of sporting organizations (both professional and amateur), and even many different colleges and universities. Read on for the lowdown of the Graston Technique today.

History of the Technique

The Graston Technique was conceived, originally, by an amateur athlete by the name of David Graston. He was frustrated by the lack of rehabilitation progress he was seeing in his knee after suffering a debilitating injury during a water-skiing outing. Graston tried surgery and conventional therapy without as much success as he hoped, so he applied his professional background in machining to come up with a number of instruments to try to treat his soft tissue injuries with non-surgical personal injury care.

Once he saw some signs of recovery personally, he decided to collaborate with personnel (both medical and research staff) at Ball State University and Ball Memorial Hospital in Muncie, Indiana. There, they worked on further developing the technique and the instruments he had created. The Graston Technique was born as a result.

In 1994, the parent company of Graston Technique, TherapyCare Resources Inc., opened an outpatient clinic in Indianapolis. Here, data was gathered on the outcome of using the technique for a wide variety of both acute and chronic patient injuries. After 5 years, the firm decided to devote all of its attention to teaching and training clinicians in the field, and further research was also conducted. Today, the company advertises GT as the leading modality in Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization (IASTM).

The Graston Technique and its Mechanics

The Graston Technique is described as “an innovative, evidence-based form of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization that enables clinicians to detect and effectively break down scar tissue and fascial restrictions, as well as maintain optimal range of motion.”

The modality is designed to let practitioners address scar tissue and fascial restrictions in patients, and to help those with pain and injury maintain their optimal range of motion. The treatment is used by clinicians such as physical therapists, chiropractors, occupational therapists, athletic trainers, and hand therapists.

Graston Technique is a noninvasive treatment option that uses specially designed instruments made from stainless steel to help practitioners identify and then treat areas of a patient’s body that may be exhibiting long-term inflammation or soft tissue fibrosis.

During a GT treatment, trained clinicians move the GT instruments over the affected areas to find adhesions. Once they do, they use the instruments to help break up fascial restrictions and scar tissue. They can get as deep into the tissue as they deem necessary, and according to the patient’s pain level and tolerance. While soreness during and after treatments can occur, practitioners are trained to recognize symptoms and to adjust treatments accordingly.

It is said that, over time, using the GT instruments combined with clinician pressure, range of motion can be restored and associated pain reduced or eliminated. This is because the adhered fibers in the body which are targeted can be reduced or eliminated, and eventually become healthy functioning tissue. Patients typically schedule two treatments per week during a 4 or 5-week period, with a positive outcome said to be noticed by the third or fourth session.

Common Conditions Treated

There are lots of different acute, chronic, and postsurgical conditions which clinicians around the world treat with Graston Technique. Some of the most common include:

Achilles Tendonitis and other types of ankle pain
IT Band Syndrome
Plantar Fasciitis and other foot pain
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and other painful wrist problems
Lumbar strain
Tennis and Golf Elbow
Adhesive Capsulitis (Frozen Shoulder)
Rotator Cuff Tendonitis and similar types of shoulder pain
Cervicothoracic sprain and other neck pain
Patellofemoral disorders and other painful knee issues
Shin splints
Scar tissue
Trigger Finger
Caesarean and post-Mastectomy scarring

Benefits of Graston Technique

According to the Graston Technique firm, the benefits of their
treatment method include:

A decrease in the overall treatment time required for an injury
Quicker recovery/rehabilitation
Less need for the use of anti-inflammatory medication
Resolution of chronic conditions thought to be permanent

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